Cat Vaccination to Prevent Disease

Vaccination helps prevent cats from catching diseases which can become lifelong problems or even be fatal. Cats can be routinely vaccinated against six diseases.

Feline Enteritis (Panleucopenia)

This diarrhoea and vomiting disease is often fatal in young cats and can cause severe disease in adults. Infected queens can pass the disease onto their kittens whilst pregnant.

Feline Herpesvirus

One of the cat ‘flu viruses causing sneezing and mouth ulcers.

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Feline Calici Virus

Another of the cat ‘flu viruses. Both these viruses can cause serious disease in any age cat, and can be fatal in young or debilitated cats. Both can exist as carrier states in apparently healthy cats. As in human ‘flu, there are various different types so vaccination helps but is not always 100% effective. A recent advance is the Bordetella vaccine (see below).

Feline Leukaemia Virus

Feline leukaemia is a frequently fatal disease in any age of cat. Cats can be infected for many months before getting ill and thus are an invisible risk of infection to other cats. The virus depletes the cat’s immune system and secondary diseases such as diarrhoea, flu or pneumonia are then fatal.

Chlamydia

This is an infectious, chronic conjunctivitis of cats. Infection can last many weeks, especially in multi-cat households and catteries.

Bordetella bronchiseptica

A bacteria that causes flu like symptoms and pneumonia. A common cause of sneezing in cats that are vaccinated against flu. It can be caught from, and passed on to, dogs. The vaccination is given as a nose drop.

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Obviously different cats may benefit from different combinations of the above vaccinations. For example, cats that never go outside are unlikely to need vaccination against Feline Leukaemia and cats that live with other cats, are shown or go into catteries are more likely to require vaccinations against Bordetella. The vet or nurse will be pleased to discuss the vaccination combination that is best for your cat.

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